Chemistry

What is the Difference Between Ionic Bond and Covalent Bond?

the Major Difference Between Ionic Bond and Covalent Bond is that Ionic bond is a chemical link between two atoms due to the electrostatic force between oppositely charged ions in an ionic compound while a covalent bond is a chemical link between two atoms or ions where electron pairs are shared between them.

Ionic Bond

  1. It is formed by complete transfer of an electron from one atom to another.
  2. Two bonded atoms always dissimilar.
  3. It is usually formed between the metal and non-metal.
  4. Ionic compounds are soluble in the water.
  5. It is non-directional that is not represented by any line or arrow.

Covalent Bond

  1. It is formed by mutual sharing of electrons between two atoms.
  2. Two bonded atoms either similar or dissimilar.
  3. It is usually formed between non-metals.
  4. Covalent bonds are insoluble in water.
  5. It is directional bond and represented by the complete line.

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