BiologyChemistry

Difference Between Fats and Oils

Difference Between Fats and Oils

The Major Difference Between Fats and Oils is that Fats are saturated chains packed closely together and van der Waal’s forces between molecules are stronger and are solid at room temperature while oils are unsaturated chains packed less closely and van der Waal’s forces between molecules are weaker and are liquid at room temperature.

Difference Between Fats and Oils in Tabular Form

Fats Oils
1.Fats remain solid at room temperatureOils remain liquid at room temperature
2.they are relatively more saturatedthey are relatively more unsaturated
3.have a higher melting point than oilshave a lower melting point than fats
4.fats are more stable oils are less stable
5.commonly obtained from under the skin or around the organs of animals in the form of ghee, butter, cream, lard, meat yolk, eggs, etc.obtained from plants like mustard oil, groundnut oil, almond oil, etc.
6.they have only saturated fatty acidshave both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids
7.triglycerides made up of one glycerol molecule and three fatty acid molecules in fats triglycerides also made up of one glycerol molecule and three fatty acid molecules in oils
8.the saturated chains are packed closely together while in oils the unsaturated chains are less closely packed
9.wander Waal’s forces between the molecules of fats are stronger than oils wander Waal’s forces between the molecules of oils are weaker than fats
10.fats increase the cholesterol level in the blood of the body oils lower the cholesterol level in the blood of our body
11.increase the risk of cardiovascular diseasesin contrast to fats, oils decrease or lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases
12.there are two types of fats which are trans fats and saturated fats.they are classified into two types which are monosaturated and polyunsaturated.
13.oxidative rancidity is high in fats oxidative rancidity is high in oils
14.they are stored in the liver and beneath the skin of animalsthey are often stored in seeds and fruits of plants
15.also stored in adipocytes ( animal cells)they are stored in fat granules in plants

What Are Fats?

Fats are triglycerides. They are esters made up of glycerol (a kind of alcohol) and residues of three fatty acids. Esters are a class of compounds produced by a reaction between acids and alcohol with the elimination of water. Fatty acids are long-chain organic acids. Fats are usually solid at room temperature. Fats are also made by saturated fatty acids.

Fats play an important role in many of our daily products and foodstuff to provide us the structure and metabolism functions. they are considered a necessary part of our daily life food and are very efficient in terms of energy storage.

What is the essential fatty acid?

two types of fatty acids are essential for the human body which are: (i) linoleic acids (ii) a-linoleic acids. they are unsaturated fatty acids, essential to human health but cannot be manufactured and also cannot be synthesized in our body. they are called polyunsaturated fatty acids and most of them are acquired from plants and fishes.

what chemical elements makeup fats?

Carbon, hydrogen, and Oxygen and Nitrogen are the major ingredients of biological molecules that make up the basic structure of fats, lips, proteins, and carbohydrates, etc.

What are the Types of Fats?

Fats can be classified into 6 major types which are given below:

  • Saturated fat
  • Unsaturated fat
  • Polyunsaturated fat
  • Trans fat
  • Monounsaturated fat
  • Animal fat

What are Oils?

Oil is simply fat that is liquid at room temperature. The only difference between a fat and an oil is the melting point.

chemical composition of fat and oil

cooking oil chemical formula
hydrogenation of fats and oils
functions of fats and oils
halogenation reaction of fatty acids
shea butter carbon chain length
what are plant lipids called
examples of animal fats
uses of fats and oils

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