The Major Difference Between Fats and Oils is that Fats are saturated chains packed closely together and van der Waal’s forces between molecules are stronger and are solid at room temperature while oils are unsaturated chains packed less closely and van der Waal’s forces between molecules are weaker and are liquid at room temperature.
Difference Between Fats and Oils in Tabular Form
Fats remain solid at room temperature
Oils remain liquid at room temperature
they are relatively more saturated
they are relatively more unsaturated
have a higher melting point than oils
have a lower melting point than fats
fats are more stable
oils are less stable
commonly obtained from under the skin or around the organs of animals in the form of ghee, butter, cream, lard, meat yolk, eggs, etc.
obtained from plants like mustard oil, groundnut oil, almond oil, etc.
they have only saturated fatty acids
have both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids
triglycerides made up of one glycerol molecule and three fatty acid molecules in fats
triglycerides also made up of one glycerol molecule and three fatty acid molecules in oils
the saturated chains are packed closely together
while in oils the unsaturated chains are less closely packed
wander Waal’s forces between the molecules of fats are stronger than oils
wander Waal’s forces between the molecules of oils are weaker than fats
fats increase the cholesterol level in the blood of the body
oils lower the cholesterol level in the blood of our body
increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases
in contrast to fats, oils decrease or lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases
there are two types of fats which are trans fats and saturated fats.
they are classified into two types which are monosaturated and polyunsaturated.
oxidative rancidity is high in fats
oxidative rancidity is high in oils
they are stored in the liver and beneath the skin of animals
they are often stored in seeds and fruits of plants
also stored in adipocytes ( animal cells)
they are stored in fat granules in plants
What Are Fats?
Fats are triglycerides. They are esters made up of glycerol (a kind of alcohol) and residues of three fatty acids. Esters are a class of compounds produced by a reaction between acids and alcohol with the elimination of water. Fatty acids are long-chain organic acids. Fats are usually solid at room temperature. Fats are also made by saturated fatty acids.
Fats play an important role in many of our daily products and foodstuff to provide us the structure and metabolism functions. they are considered a necessary part of our daily life food and are very efficient in terms of energy storage.
What is the essential fatty acid?
two types of fatty acids are essential for the human body which are: (i) linoleic acids (ii) a-linoleic acids. they are unsaturated fatty acids, essential to human health but cannot be manufactured and also cannot be synthesized in our body. they are called polyunsaturated fatty acids and most of them are acquired from plants and fishes.
what chemical elements make up fats?
Carbon, hydrogen, and Oxygen and Nitrogen are the major ingredients of biological molecules that make up the basic structure of fats, lips, proteins, and carbohydrates, etc.
What are the Types of Fats?
Fats can be classified into 6 major types which are given below:
What are Oils?
Oil is simply fat that is liquid at room temperature. The only difference between a fat and an oil is the melting point.
chemical composition of fat and oil
cooking oil chemical formula hydrogenation of fats and oils functions of fats and oils halogenation reaction of fatty acids shea butter carbon chain length what are plant lipids called examples of animal fats uses of fats and oils
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