What is Science?

Do you ever Think once in your life that what is science?

The true answer will be:

Basically, Science is the knowledge constituted by a series of principles and laws presented by the hypothesis. These hypotheses derived from the observation and reasoning of an accumulation of information and data. This data is systematically structured for understanding.

What is Science

In this sense, science includes several fields of knowledge and study that lead to the development of particular scientific theories and methods. After this, objective and verifiable conclusions can be obtained.

Branches of Science

Science, in addition, is closely related to the area of ​​exact sciences (Biology, mathematics, physics, chemistry, natural sciences) and technology. Hence the importance of scientific studies aimed at creating or perfecting existing technology, in order to achieve a better quality of life.

The word science derives from the Latin scientĭa, which means ‘knowledge’.

Scientific Method

The scientific method is a technique that is applied to obtain objective knowledge and scientific value. It is based on observation, experimentation, measurement, hypothesis demonstration, analysis and conclusions of the information. This information is possessed in order to expand or obtain new knowledge, as well as theories.

However, it is important to mention that the scientific method may vary depending on the type of study performed. For example, the same method of study that is used in scientific research cannot be applied to a social one.

Therefore, the scientific method will vary according to the area of ​​knowledge in which it is applied. Since, not all studies can be performed in the same way according to its scope.

See also:

Scientific method.
Difference between science and technology
Characteristics of science.

Types of sciences

Social Sciences
The social sciences are those that systematically study the social and cultural processes product of the activity of the human being and its relationship with society.

In this sense, it divides his field of study into different areas. Such as anthropology, sociology, politics, economics, law, history, and geography, among others. The social sciences study the rules of the coexistence of human beings and the modes of their social organization.

Exact Sciences
Exact sciences are those that produce knowledge based on quantitative expressions of logic and mathematics and testing their hypotheses rigorously based on experiments or calculations.

In this sense, the exact sciences are those that only admit rigorously demonstrable principles, consequences and facts. Some exact sciences are physics, astronomy, engineering, chemistry and even some branches of biology or economics.

Natural Sciences
Natural sciences are those that describe, order and compare natural phenomena. The objects of nature and the processes that take place in it, from which laws and rules can even be formulated.

A distinction can be made between exact sciences (such as physics and chemistry) and predominantly descriptive sciences (biology, including microbiology, paleontology, geography, geology, crystallography, etc.).

The field of activity of the natural sciences is mainly constituted by research without a specific application. Biology, geology or medicine are part of the natural sciences.

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