Different Branches of Chemistry and Their Examples

what are the branches of chemistry and their definition?

The Study of the atomic matter is said to be chemistry. Typically it includes the chemical reaction of matter their properties, behavior, and structure with composition. There are numerous branches of chemistry. but majorly five branches of chemistry were found which are further divided into almost 40 sub-branches. while chemistry itself is one of the branches of science.

9 branches of chemistry

we are going to discuss branches of chemistry in detail with their examples and importance in daily life.

Let’s start with defining chemistry…!

What is Chemistry – The Definition

Chemistry is the study of matter, its composition, properties, structure, and energy changes of matter it undergoes. it is related to both living and non-living things as both are made up of matter. it affects all aspects of human life.

Importance of Chemistry in everyday life

Due to the utmost importance in everyday life, there are several branches of chemistry. in fact, everything we do in our life is chemistry. for example, more than 90% of our body is made up of different chemicals. these chemical reactions occur while eating, breathing, or sitting on a bench for reading purposes.

Here are some examples of everyday importance in chemistry:

  • our daily food is made of chemicals.
  • changes around the world are caused by chemical reactions i.e., cooking food, changing the color of leaves, cutting hairs and nails, etc.
  • motor oils, mosquito repellents, mixing household chemicals, bakery products, detergents all are chemicals related to chemistry.
  • Proteins, carbohydrates, fats are considered the building blocks of life and all are related to chemistry.
  • photosynthesis helps plants to make food for us. in this process, the carbon passes through food chains and sugar from photosynthesis. hence it is modified with other materials.
  • the petroleum industry is important for vehicles, fabrics, plastics, and industrial chemicals which is purely chemistry-related.

10 Branches of Chemistry

  1. Organic chemistry
  2. Inorganic chemistry
  3. Physical chemistry
  4. Analytical chemistry
  5. Biochemistry
  6. Environmental Chemistry
  7. Forensic Chemistry
  8. Geochemistry
  9. Polymer Chemistry
  10. Industrial Chemistry

Other Sub-Branches of Chemistry List

  • Nuclear chemistry
  • Environmental chemistry
  • Industrial or applied chemistry
  • Polymeric Chemistry
  • astrochemistry
  • Chemical physics
  • Chemical kinetics
  • Electrochemistry
  • Photochemistry
  • Femtochemistry
  • Geochemistry
  • Quantum chemistry
  • Stereochemistry
  • Solid-state chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Thermochemistry
  • Bioorganic chemistry
  • Click chemistry
  • Biophysical chemistry
  • Polymer chemistry
  • Medicinal chemistry
  • Organometallic chemistry
  • Bioinorganic chemistry
  • Materials chemistry
  • Cluster chemistry
  • Cosmochemistry
  • Immunochemistry
  • Mechanochemistry
  • Theoretical chemistry
  • Atmospheric chemistry
  • Computational chemistry
  • Green chemistry
  • Supramolecular chemistry
  • Wet chemistry
  • Agrochemistry
  • Flow chemistry
  • Chemical oceanography
  • Mathematical chemistry
  • Petrochemistry
  • Phytochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Radiochemistry
  • Synthetic chemistry
  • Sonochemistry

Organic Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of hydrocarbon and its derivatives is known as ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.


the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of carbon and its compounds (except CO2, CO, CO3, HCO3, CN, etc) is known as organic chemistry.

Inorganic Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the chemistry of elements and their compounds, generally obtained from non-living organisms, i.e. from minerals is known as inorganic chemistry.


the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of minerals and the elements (except hydrocarbon and their derivatives ) is known as inorganic chemistry.

Physical Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the laws and the principles governing the combination of atoms and molecules in chemical reactions and the study of physical properties of matter is called physical chemistry. e.e. H2 gas contains a covalent bond while NaCl contains ionic bonds, etc.

Analytical Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the methods and techniques involved in determining the types, quality, and quantity of various compounds ( elements) in a given substance is known as analytical chemistry.

For example Analysis of water given the idea that H2O contains hydrogen and oxygen with the ratio of 1:2 by parts or 1:8 by mass.


the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of compounds chemical reactions ( metabolism) involves in living organisms i.e. plants and animals cell is known as biochemistry.

For example the digestion of food in living things, the action of medicines, etc.

Nuclear Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of changes occurring in the nuclei of atoms, accompanied by the emission of invisible radiations is known as nuclear chemistry.

For example the emission of alpha (α), beta(β), and gamma(Γ) radiations.

Environmental Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the interaction of chemical materials and their effects on the environment of animals and plants are known as Environmental chemistry


the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of those methods or techniques which are used to decrease or eliminate the pollution of our environment is known as environmental chemistry.

For Example, Global warming can be reduced by planting more trees, etc.

Industrial or Applied Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of different chemical processes involved in the chemical industries for the manufacturing of synthetic products is known as industrial chemistry.

For example glass, cement, paper, soda ash, fertilizers, medicines, etc.

Polymeric Chemistry

the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of polymerization and the products obtained through the process of polymerization is known as polymeric chemistry.

For example polyethylene ( plastic bags), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), synthetic fibers, etc.

The Relationship of Chemistry Between Other Branches of Science


Types of Chemistry Research

since chemistry is the study of matter and changes in matter. there are some dramatic ways that chemistry involves and studies among the different systems. chemistry is often studied and analyzed among five major disciplines: Organic, Analytical, Physical, Inorganic, and Biochemistry. however, in the last few decades, there are numerous new fields are emerged that have broadened up chemistry research.


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