Flowchart Symbols and Examples with Definition and Diagram

Flowchart diagramA flowchart is a type of diagram that represents a process, showing the steps as symbols of various kinds, and their order by connecting them with arrows. The flowchart allows any type of process to represent graphically.

it made up of different graphics that are used to make different diagrams for various concepts linking to programing for different fields such as education, economic, technological processes, and psychology, etc, to required analysis.

This diagrammatic representation can give a step-by-step solution to a given problem. It helps in finding the solution to a problem and facilitate in showing the input, process, and output of the problem.

This is a Complete Guide About Flowchart in Excel with diagrams & Examples.

in This Article You’ll Learn:

  • What is a Flowchart (Definition)
  • Some Examples of Flowchart
  • Benefits
  • Standard Flowchart Symbols
  • Lots more….!

Let’s get started.

What is a Flowchart? (Definition)

Flowcharting or flowchart is a process of pictorial illustration for solving a problem. it is also a form of graphical representation of a certain process or algorithm. the activity diagram or  Flowcharting is a tool for analyzing processes. Flowcharting can be used in computer systems design, programming, engineering, and science, etc.

these days flowcharts in using in different technical fields and developing processes such as industrial processes, computer programming, cognitive psychology, and economics.

the flowchart can explain graphical representations with the help of geometrical figures. each image using in the flowchart is a step-by-step execution of plans according to specified meanings connecting with each other through different types of arrows to make the direction flow.

Benefits of flowchart:

  1. It helps in understanding the logic of the problem-solving processes.
  2. It gives a pictorial representation of the processes involved in the problem solution.
  3. It shows the flow processes in a sequential manner.

Standard Flowchart Symbols

Flowcharting uses standardized sets of symbols. The main symbols used in a flow chart with their description and examples are given in the following table.

  • Flowchart symbolsDiagram start
  • Start the activity or input
  • Controlling activity
  • The connection between parts through arrows
  • Decision making Symbols
  • Flow

Guidelines for Flowcharting

Following guidelines should be followed while drawing a flowchart:

    1. It should be clear, neat, and easy to follow.
    2. the Flow of the flowchart is either from left to right or from top to bottom.
    3. Only one flow line should enter and come out of the process symbol.the process symbol
    4. Only one flow line should enter a decision symbol, but two flow lines could come out, one for each possible answer, should leave the decision symbol.the decision symbol
  1. Only one flow line is used to Start/End the symbol.Start and End symbol
  2. Avoid the intersection of flow lines to make it more effective.

Examples of Flowchart





examples of flowchart

Some samples are given to solve some simple problems are given as follows:flowchart sampleflowchart dynami c samples and examples
Types of Flowchart

there are different types of flowcharts depending upon to serve different purposes. some are process-based.

Types of Flowchart
there are four basic types of flowcharts i.e., horizontal, vertical, Panoramic, and Architectural. each type of flowchart is used for a specific purpose., some process maps or mindmap and functional flowcharts while others are business process mapping and business process modeling and notation (BPMN). there are process flow diagrams (PFD) too.

basically, there are four basic types of a flowchart when you orient your presentation in it which are as follows:

  • Horizontal: it is the most common orientation model or style and starts from right to left as of their reading order.
  • Panoramic: it can represent an entire process on a single sheet by using verticle and horizontal modes.
  • Vertical: the operations go from top to bottom in this type of illustration.
  • Architectural: Architectural describes a person’s work itinerary on the based of work-area.

Putting Products or materials in the Flowchart

when the sample of the elements of a given product or material is used in the flowchart, is known as a product flowchart.

Putting different Operations in the flow chart

in this type of flow chart, a person carries out a sequence of operations.

Functional flow diagram

the Functional flow diagram is represented always graphically where dependencies or people handle a specific process. it is also an efficient process as compared to others.

Horizontal format flowchart

in this type of flow chart, different operations are arranged from left to right sequence.

Vertical format flowchart

in this type of flow chart, different operations are arranged from top to bottom sequence.

The widescreen flow chart

in this type, the whole process is presented on a single letter flowchart. it is a very famous type.

Block flow diagram

in this type, the flow of the products are represented in a block manner, where the products are different quantities and

Architectural Format Flow Chart

This type of format is used to described products as having some form of road structure or also about a construction project for a person who has a certain work area.

Computer or data flow diagram

This type of view illustrates a method in a graphic way when you need to solve a problem.

Geographical flow diagram

This flow chart for a geographical or physical plan is what physically analyzes all activities in the process. At the same time, it is less time-consuming as production continues and resources are diverted to other activities.

Rules for making a flow chart

Before starting to make a flow diagram you must follow some rules and steps for better elaboration and Rules for making a flow chartconsideration which are as follows:

  • Identify first the main tasks of the whole process along with its context and author.
  • always place return lines under the Flow diagram
  • Identify who will read it and what status of mind he has.
  • Define the major objectives that it will pursue.
  • always flow data from left to right.
  • must choose a level of detail and the limits regarding the flowchart for better understanding.
  • Keeping the whole thing on a single page.
  • not to use Traditional Decision Symbol instead of Split Path.

FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions)

How do you create a process flow chart?

creating a flowchart depends on the following steps:

  1. Click the File tab
  2. Click New
  3. Flowchart
  4. click Basic from Available Templates
  5. Create
  6. drag a flowchart shape for each step
  7. Connect the flowchart shapes to each other with arrows and lines

What is a flowchart example?

the flowchart diagram is an example of a workflow or process representation of an algorithm. in this process, you follow a step-by-step approach to solve a problem. it includes different types of arrows, boxes, shapes, and symbols which are connected with each other through lines and arrows.

What are the 8 basic symbols of the flowchart?

the 8 basic symbols of the flowchart are as follows:

  • Start/End Symbol
  • Manual Input Symbol
  • Multiple Documents Symbol
  • Or Symbol
  • Manual Loop Symbol
  • Collate Symbol
  • Display Symbol
  • Stored Data Symbol

What are flowchart symbols?

in flowchart symbols, some or common while others are action symbols. common are used most o the time frequently. in the action symbols, often an action, process, or function is described.

Which symbol is used for processing?

the action symbol is used for processing.

How many symbols are commonly used in flow charts?

there are 28 different Flowchart Symbols are there used in common with their meanings.


Flowcharts are a type of diagram that can be used to illustrate the steps needed to complete a process. They are often used in business processes, but they can also be found in guidebooks for complex tasks or procedures. Flowcharting is an important tool for solving problems and translating information into visual representations.
Flowcharts come in many shapes and sizes, but they all have one thing in common: arrows.

Arrows indicate which direction to go when moving through the chart, so it’s best not to get too lost! You’ll also notice that there are various symbols on each arrow- these signify what action will take place at that particular stage of the process. These symbols vary depending on what you’re flowcharting.

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