Chemistry

What is the Difference between Ground State and Excited State?

the major difference between ground state and excited state is that in ground state, electrons are in possitions of lowest energy possible while in Excited state, electron is in a temporary possition of higher energy than ground state. as it is very unstable so quickly moves to the ground state.

Ground state Excited state
It is low energy and stable state of an atom. It is high energy and unstable state of an atom.
It has comparatively less number of unpaired electrons. It has comparatively greater number of unpaired electrons.

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