Agriculture and Scientific Inventions
Agriculture has been revolutionized by scientific inventions. This impact is called the green revolution. Before the scientific era, the most prominent problem for the farmers was the uncertain supply of water, storms, change of weather, drought, insects, pests, locusts, plant disease, viral or fungal attack on plants, slow cultivation, slow harvesting and destruction of foods after storage. Today science has overcome many of these problems through many inventions and technology.
- Control on Droughts
Extensive irrigation systems have been developed throughout the world. There are systems of dams, canals and water channels which provide water for the crops and have agriculture from droughts and the shortage of rains.
Fertilizers or manures which supply nutrients to the plants and crops have increased the crop yield tremendously. Fertilizers have made agriculture possible in those areas where it was not possible due to the shortage of some vital minerals or nutrients.
- Agricultural Machinery
Agricultural machinery like tractors, sewing machines, combine harvesters and Thrashers have made the agriculture very quick and efficient. Machines have made agriculture possible in the vast times. Cutting, harvesting, husking and storage have made safe, quick and efficient.
A large number of pesticides available in the markets through the development of the science has made possible to save crops from the attack of insects.
- Improved Seeds
A variety of efficient and high yielding seeds have been prepared by plant breeding and genetically techniques. These seeds have tremendously increased the yield of crops.
- Disease Free Plants
Many varieties of plants have been got or improved by genetic or other techniques which can combat the diseases caused by fungus or viruses.
- More Crops And Rotation
A new machine has been introduced by Japan which performs multiple functions. It prepares land immediately after cutting one crop for the second crop, drop seeds and mixes manure. All those activities are performed simultaneously and the farmers don’t have to wait for many days.
- Transport of Agricultural Goods
Recent means transportations have greatly helped farmers to transport agricultural products to the factories or market. It has reduced damage by storage or slow transport.
- New Varieties
Many new varieties of plants or crops have been produced. These varieties show many desirable characters like high yield and more resistance to weather.
- Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering of plants produced many new plants with high or desirable qualities. These qualities are high yield, lost cost, quick growth, resistance to insects, resistance to drought, resistance to fungal or viral diseases and good quality of food produced.