Causes of Anemia (Low Hemoglobin) and Symptoms
what are the Common Causes of Anemia?
One of the most common causes of Anemia or Low Hemoglobin is Iron deficiency in the body. along with that Genetic Factors, Excessive Bleeding, Menstrual Bleeding Impaired Metabolism of Sleep are some symptoms of Anemia. Any long-term medical condition can be fatal Anemia.
there may also be some other causes we must study. Another cause of anemia is increased menstruation, or as a manifestation of increased losses in the digestive tract.
The important thing that might surprise you is that Anemia is not a disease itself. This is why the cause for adequate treatment should be sought.
since, in spite of the fact that the most incessant reason is iron insufficiency, it might be the main sign of increasing anemia in humans.
List of Causes of Anemia
Anemia Causes are very important. here is the list of causes of anemia we have found.
- Iron Deficiency
- due to genetic causes and factors
- due to hematological diseases
- vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency
- Hemolytic anemia
- due to renal failure
- Anemia associated with chronic infectious or inflammatory diseases
Let us Explain These terms one by one.
Iron Deficiency: the common cause of anemia in the world is considered the lack of iron in the body. iron is a very important and essential element to produce hemoglobin. with the continuous absorption and lack of contribution the losses of blood increase from time to time.
Anemia due to genetic causes: the alterations in the composition of hemoglobin cause anemia. typically genetic heredity, among these hemoglobinopathies are thalassemia and sickle cell iron deficiency.
Furthermore, there are adjustments of the red platelet layer, for example, innate micro spherocytosis fit as a fiddle is changed, which makes it effectively obliterated in the spleen.
Anemia due to hematological diseases: hematological diseases affect the production functioning of red blood cells, maturation, and number causing anemia. bone marrow, lymphoma, leukemia, and myelodysplasia are some common hematological diseases.
vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency: to produce the optimal quantity and quantity of red blood cells, two major nutrients are essential which are vitamin B12 and folic acid. when we did not consume them correctly or may not proceed properly in the body, macrocytic anemias are generated with larger red blood cells i.e, pernicious anemia.
Hemolytic anemia: when antibodies are generated by the patient, the red blood cells destruct which may either be primary or by other diseases immunological such as Lupus and malignant.
due to renal failure: This specific type of anemia causes of failure the red blood cell production stimulating hormone (known as erythropoietin)
Anemia associated with chronic infectious or inflammatory diseases: at the point when the patient has ailments, for example, malignancy, Crohn’s sickness, HIV, and liver cancer, among others, the iron present in the body isn’t conveyed from the stores, which meddles with the creation of platelets red
Symptoms of Anemia
dizziness, paleness, and Fatigue are the most common symptoms seen in anemia. Anemia is a common blood disease among many people and mostly occurs due to iron deficiency. however, with supplements and having a regular iron-rich diet, you can control this disease.
There are four major factors that affect the capacity of hemoglobin to combine with oxygen:
- Carbon Dioxide CO2: The oxygen pressure decreases with the increase of the pressure of carbon dioxide. Similarly, the capacity of the hemoglobin decreases to hold oxygen. So, the hemoglobin releases more oxygen from the blood into the tissues. CO2 is a much more important regulator of normal ventilation (breathing) than oxygen.
- Temperature: The temperature rises with the increase in muscular activity. The rise in temperature decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. So, hemoglobin releases more oxygen in the tissues.
- the pH of Blood: The pH of blood also influences the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. The amount of oxygen to bind with hemoglobin decreases with the decrease in pH. The decrease in pH increases the hydrogen ion (H+) in the blood. These hydrogen ions combine with the protein part of the hemoglobin molecules. So, they decrease the ability of hemoglobin to bind with oxygen. On the other hand, the increase in blood pH increases the ability of hemoglobin to bind with oxygen.
- Role of Oxygen O2 concentration: It has great importance in Anemia. Normally, oxygen concentration does not play a regulatory role in ventilation. But under certain conditions like shock, the partial pressure of oxygen is reduced in arterial blood. Now, it plays an important stimulatory role in ventilation.