What is swimming about?

Swimming is a term that refers to a sporting or recreational practice that is based on moving the body over the water, using the legs and arms. This activity or exercise is also applied as a form of distraction or survival method , depending on the work you want to do, they require you to know how to swim.

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The practice of this activity can be of sporting or merely recreational origin. From the sporting point of view, it is one of the most practiced disciplines worldwide; the various swimming techniques have particular names that distinguish one from the other.

This activity as physical exercise is possible or feasible thanks to the fact that the human body is slightly less dense than water, thus allowing the body to float. The study of the human being and its relationship with water is very particular, this because, since we are born we are submerged in a liquid environment such as the maternal uterus.

In this sense, babies show an innate reaction to swimming such as the diving reflex, automatic breath holding, among other things.


Knowing about swimming is a powerful benefit since, apart from being a positive contribution to health , it is also an option to life when a person or oneself is submerged in a situation of risk.

A person who knows about swimming is more likely to survive a maritime accident than someone who does not know. Similarly, it is important to note that the benefits it brings to the body are numerous and of great contribution to the human anatomy.


In view of being an activity that has many characteristics, the benefits are multiple for health , among them we can mention:

  • Strengthens the muscles of the body.
  • Contributes to mental stimulation of memory and mental coordination.
  • Helps burn fat.
  • Contributes to lowering blood pressure.
  • Helps improve the vascular system.
  • Improves the heart system.
  • Increases the lung capacity of those who practice it.
  • It strengthens the muscles without the need to subject it to great stress or pain after exercise.

Sports swimming styles

  • Chest or breaststroke

It is also known as frog style , since the movements of the human body resemble that of a frog and consists of floating face down with the arms in the direction in front of the body and the legs slightly bent keeping the head above the water in order to be able to to breathe.

  • Free or crawl

This style of swimming requires the swimmer to be in a straight position on the water. While one arm plunges straight into the water, the other arises with the elbow flexed and the palm of the hand fully extended downward toward entering the water again.

In this type of swim, the person’s head is leaning to the side, as the person advances.

  • Dorsal or back

It is a style very similar to the crawl with the difference that this is done with the back submerged in the water, moving one arm in the air with the palm of the hand coming out from under the leg, while the other propels the body in Water.

  • Butterfly

It is a style that arises from the combination of the chest or breaststroke style, in which both arms move together forward and backward under the water, pushing the torso forward, continuously and accompanied by an undulating movement of hips, which submerges the head when entering the water and culminates with a kick called “dolphin” because of its similarity to the swimming of these animals, using the feet together.

Recommendations for swimming

  1. The first thing you should do is a medical evaluation which will allow you to know if you are qualified to carry out this type of activity and in which area you can specialize.
  2. According to your age, the water temperature must be adjusted , since the temperature for adults is not the same as for children.
  3. You must keep your skin hydrated.
  4. If you want long-term benefits, you must be consistent and persistent.
  5. Do not rush to the results. Everything must be in good time.
  6. It must be very neat.
  7. The chlorination levels of the water must be in optimal conditions to avoid risks at the level of the skin and the organism, due to consumption.

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