A mineral or natural resource is considered to be each good or service that arises from nature directly, that is, without the intervention of human hands. These resources end up being of vital importance, thanks to the fact that they provide the possibility of obtaining food, generating energy and subsisting on a general level.
In the field of economics , which is the science and art that is dedicated to the management of these resources, in most cases they always end up being insufficient in the face of the insatiable needs of humanity.
In the case of resources of natural origin, reference is made to two classes:
- the renewable resources (which are can be regenerated, if that exploitation is not excessive, such as forests) and exhaustible resources, which inevitably die someday because it can not occur again, (such as mining and Petroleum)
These terms help us understand the importance of resources and why they should be used with conscience and moderation. For example, fishing can extinguish a natural resource. If all the fish of a certain species are caught, it will be impossible to get new specimens to hatch.
- In the case of resources that cannot be renewed , we speak of reserves. Once these reserves are consumed, there is no way to return these resources since there is no way to manufacture, cultivate or regenerate them.
The economic cost of the set that gathers non-renewable resources tends to be related to the demand and scarcity of said resource. At the moment of being low reserves of a certain one, its price increases.
At the moment the energy consumed on the planet comes from non-renewable resources, such as oil and its derivatives . In addition to using elements that will soon be scarce, it is necessary to take into account that the extraction of energy from them causes an environmental impact that is of great risk for the future.
Sustainable development and environmental resources
It is a way of life in which the results of actions in the natural environment are taken into account first . It is based on knowing how to appreciate the goods that nature gives us and use them with the greatest possible responsibility, taking into account that any excess can have devastating consequences for it, either in the near future or within 200 years.
For this cause it is necessary to understand that human beings are not the owners of this planet, but someone else who inhabits it and that, in the same way that animals and other species do, they must be aware of it. subject and take into account the consequences of their interaction with the environment.
In accordance with this, it is necessary to opt for other sources, such as the wind or the sun, since these are considered good alternatives; In the event that the world implements the ways that extract energy that supports large cities from the last resources, it will probably help to considerably reduce environmental pollution.
In several countries there are entire communities where development takes place, where houses are sustained with solar energy, the selection of garbage and recycling in each home is carried out on a strict basis and where the government establishes the necessary tools to be able to create awareness and strive to establish a relationship of respect where these resources are not abused.
Industrial productive activity is primarily responsible for the consumption of resources and their extinction. However, awareness should be carried out in a general way and be an important issue in the life of each person. We can all contribute with our help on a day-to-day basis, using resources in a rational way (saving water, using means of transport that do not pollute, classifying waste, etc.).