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Meaning of anger

Ira is a term of Latin origin that refers to fury and violence. It is a combination of negative feelings that causes anger and indignation. For example, “the forward’s gesture aroused the ire of rival supporters”, “the referee’s ruling caused the anger of the fans, who did not hesitate to throw objects onto the field.”

In the field of psychology, it is recommended to externalize anger in some way in order to prevent it from bringing disease. It should be noted that there are various non-violent ways of expressing a negative feeling, activities as healthy as the practice of a sport or as enriching as music and playing an instrument represent some of the most favorable decisions to turn anger into something positive.

Evolution and Development

Since it is an internal matter , the perspective that each person has of anger is different, regardless of the official concept that psychology has given him . In the same way, the triggers of this sensation and the ways in which they react to its appearance vary according to the individual. In general, anger is closely related to frustration, because it arises as an explosion due to the impossibility of solving something.

It is possible to compare, broadly speaking, between a type of anger that persists over time, which arises in response to a negative event in the past that has not yet been resolved, and another temporary, specific one, which is generated by a well-defined conflict that takes place in the present.

In the first case, it is observed that those who have suffered abuse, whether sexual or psychological during childhood and have not had the possibility to confront their aggressors, tend to have outbreaks of anger throughout their lives.

Here frustration plays a major role, since the victim feels great anguish due to the injustice to which she was subjected and the fact of not being able to change her past. All this gradually turns into a cluster of violence that will never be able to unleash against the person or persons responsible for its pain, for which the explosion may happen almost cyclically year after year. This is not to say that accumulated anger cannot be channeled in a way that does not affect the body.

Catholicism considers anger to be one of the seven deadly sins . This anger can arise against oneself (through suicide or self-flagellation) or against others (reflected in confrontations where they can kill). In both cases, it is strictly penalized in the religious precepts.

Due to the close relationship that music and religion had long ago, it is not surprising that the word “anger” is present in masterpieces by great composers such as Handel or Vivaldi. In this case, tools are used to express it, such as an increase in speed and intensity, and passages made up only of ornaments and jumps that touch the sharp limits of each instrument in a violent and unexpected way.

Frustrating situations

  • Violation of norms and rights : when social norms are exceeded , our rights are violated or we are treated unfairly, we feel anger.
  • Obstruction of access to a goal: when the achievement of our objectives begins to stop, the cognitive assessment (thoughts) that the person carries about the relationship between their behavior and the result of it will determine the type of resulting emotion.
  • Extinction of learned contingencies : when we do not obtain the reward we expect after carrying out a behavior, we get angry (for example, when we postpone the exam after having studied intensively).

Examples of anger

  1. A woman who beats her partner’s lover: stripping or hitting is never justified, but on certain occasions anger leads us to commit acts that have to do with physical aggression.
  2. A person who breaks things when angry: it is a clear example of anger that is generated as a result of frustration or after anger.
  3. A child has a tantrum after his parents forbid him something.
  4. Fans throwing blunt objects in the air at a match.
  5. Natural disasters: Although we mostly observe anger in people, there is also anger in nature. This serves to express the poor care that is given to the planet, and as a consequence nature rebels with natural disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes or tsunamis, etc.

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