Chemistry

Examples of Oxyacids

The oxyacids are chemical compounds that consist of hydrogen , a nonmetal and oxygen . Its molecules are ionic, so when dissolved in water they dissociate, releasing the hydrogen cation (H + ) and the negatively charged part, also known as the radical . The latter is a group of atoms that contains the nonmetal and oxygen. Well identified its parts, it is established that the general formula of oxyacids is:examples of oxyacids

a N b O c
Where: examples of oxyacids

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  • a : is the hydrogen element H, with the subscript a indicating how many atoms there are of it.
  • b : is the nonmetal element N, with the subscript b indicating how many atoms there are of it.
  • Or c : is the element oxygen, with the subscript c indicating how many atoms there are of it.examples of oxyacids

Oxyacids generally appear in a liquid state , and some of them are very volatile , that is, they tend to evaporate at room temperature. Although they can have considerable purity, there are some oxyacids that are hygroscopic : they absorb water from the environment because their balance with the humidity of the atmosphere implies that it accompanies them in the container where they are contained. Therefore, sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) naturally reaches 98% maximum purity.examples of oxyacids

When an oxyacid mixes with water, it produces an aqueous solution with a pH less than 7 . These are strong acids that bring the value of this variable to a range of 2 to 5. This can be determined by dipping a litmus paper to observe its color change. The color of the paper will indicate what pH has been. When an oxyacid comes into contact with a metal , it chemically attacks it producing an oxisal and hydrogen gas2 .

common oxyacidsOxyacids are commonly used in the manufacture of beverages, chemical colorants, fertilizers, medicines and cleaning products, among others. Also as raw materials in the production of salts. For example:examples of oxyacids

  • Nitric acid HNO 3 is used for the production of nitrates (NO 3 ).
  • Sulfuric acid H 2 SO 4 is used for the production of sulfates (SO 4 ).
  • Phosphoric acid H 3 PO 4 is used for the production of phosphates (PO 4 ).

Oxyacids are present in the food we eat. For example:

  • Phosphoric acid H 3 PO 4 is used in the production of cola-flavored drinks.
  • Carbonic acid H 2 CO 3 is used in the production of carbonated or carbonated beverages.

30 examples of oxyacids examples of oxyacids

  1. Hypochlorous acid HClO
  2. Chlorous acid HClO 2
  3. Chloric acid HClO 3
  4. Perchloric acid HClO 4
  5. Hypobromous acid HBrO
  6. Bromous acid HBrO 2
  7. Bromic acid HBrO 3
  8. Perbromic acid HBrO 4
  9. Hypoiodine acid HIO
  10. Iodine acid HIO 2
  11. Iodic acid HIO 3
  12. Periodic acid HIO 4
  13. Nitrous acid HNO 2
  14. Nitric acid HNO 3
  15. Carbonaceous acid H 2 CO 2
  16. Carbonic acid H 2 CO 3
  17. Chromic acid H 2 CrO 4
  18. Permanganic acid HMnO 4
  19. Sulfurous acid H 2 SO 3
  20. Sulfuric acid H 2 SO 4
  21. Pyrophosphoric acid H 4 P 2 O 7
  22. Arsenious acid H 3 AsO 3
  23. Arsenic acid H 3 AsO 4
  24. Antimonious acid H 3 SbO 3
  25. Antimonic acid H 3 SbO 4
  26. Silicic acid H 4 SiO 4
  27. Chromic acid H 2 CrO 4
  28. Dichromic acid H 2 Cr 2 O 7
  29. Hypofluoro acid HFO
  30. Fluorous acid HFO 2

 

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