Computer

Examples of malware that can affect a PC

Malware is a term that refers to malicious software, that is, a program that can be used to compromise the functions of a computer, steal data, as well as bypass access controls or simply cause damage to the computer.

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Here are some examples of malware that can affect a PC.

Adware

It is a term that refers to advertising-supported software . It is a type of malware that has the ability to deliver advertisements automatically. The most common examples of adware include pop-up advertisements on websites, as well as advertisements that are displayed by software. Software and applications often offer free versions that come with adware.

Bots

This is another of the most common examples of malware that can affect a computer . Bots are programs created with the aim of executing specific operations automatically. While it is true that some bots are created for a relatively harmless purpose, it is becoming more and more common for these types of programs to be used maliciously. This type of malware can be used for DDoS attacks, such as web spiders to steal data from servers, as spambots to create unwanted advertisements on websites, as well as to distribute disguised malware.

Bug

Within the context of software, a Bug is a bug that generates an unwanted result . These Bugs are usually the result of human error and usually exist in the source code or in the compilers of a software. Minor bugs only slightly affect the behavior of a program, so long periods of time can go undiscovered. The most important bugs can cause crashes or freezing of the computer. Security Bugs are the most serious because they can allow the attacker to bypass user authentication.

Ransomware

It is an example of malware that essentially “hijacks” the computer’s operating system and demands payment to release it . The malware restricts the user’s access to the PC by encrypting files on the hard drive or blocking the operating system, in addition it can also display messages on the screen intended to force the user to pay the creator of the malware to remove all restrictions and that you can regain access to your PC.

Rootkit

It is one of the most dangerous examples of malware that is designed to remotely access or control a computer, without the user or antivirus software being able to detect it. Once the Rootkit is installed on the PC, it is possible that the malicious part behind the software, execute files, access or steal information, it could even modify the system settings, install malware, modify the software.

Spyware

It is a type of malware whose main objective is to spy on user activity without their consent. These spying capabilities can include logging of keystrokes, activity monitoring, data collection, and more. It can also modify the security settings of software or browsers, even interfere with network connections.

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