The environmental chemistry is a branch of chemistry focused studies related to processes and problems for the preservation of the environment; It also focuses a lot on the development of tools to prevent consequences of the damage of chemical compounds in any natural place such as rivers, lakes, lagoons, oceans and the earth’s atmosphere.
Until a few decades ago the development of products in the field of chemistry was only intended for the benefits in the different products that are on the market, however, that has changed due to the negative effects caused by the aftermath of waste. poisons arising from such products and their manufacture.
This has led many of the investigations to be oriented to the analysis of the negative effects of chemical agents and especially to the development of processes and mechanisms for the transformation of toxic material in order to reduce the negative impact on the environment .
Examples of environmental chemistry
- Tools that allow the reduction of in continental waters
- Decrease in gas production and emission of pollutants
- Prevention of use and handling of certain products that generate acid rains due to the combination of toxic components with various precipitations of a watery nature
- Replacement of toxic agents in various products with others that generate less pollution
- Development and study of various alternative energy sources
- Reduction of chemical agents that may contaminate the water that others may use in the future
- Aerosol handling minimization
- Change from fossil fuel to alternative
- Management of wind or renewable energy by non-renewable
- Use of air conditioners that contribute to the destruction of the ozone layer and an increase in temperature on the planet.
In the same way, it is important to bear in mind that in addition to the aforementioned chemical products, there are also toxic agents that are found in discarded material; Over time, many of these materials become highly dangerous toxic elements, materials such as plastic and aluminum that are considered non-biodegradable. and have a greater resistance to the passage of time since they are preserved up to an approximate time of 500 years which already passed can begin to decompose.
The environmental chemistry can be divided into five types, but it is also necessary to note that this field is very wide so there may be more or less segmentations, however, among the existing branches we can mention some such as:
- the chemistry of the atmosphere
- hydrosphere chemistry
- edaphic chemistry
- the chemistry of the biosphere
- green chemistry