Natural Sciences

80 Characteristics of the planets of the Solar System

Characteristics of the planets of the Solar System

Mercury

  1. It is the smallest and rockiest planet in the solar system.
  2. It is closer to the sun.
  3. It has more craters than the rest of the planets in the solar system.
  4. It does not have satellite.
  5. The orbit of this planet is the most eccentric.
  6. Your transfer process takes 88 days.
  7. Its temperatures are extreme.
  8. The orbit of this planet is more inclined, with respect to the other planets.

Venus

  1. It is smaller than the earth.
  2. Its orbit is the closest to a circumference.
  3. Its rotation goes from east to west.
  4. It has two main plateaus.
  5. It does not have satellites.
  6. It has the hottest atmosphere in the solar system.
  7. Venus is considered to be even hotter than Mercury.
  8. It does not have liquid water.
  9. On this planet there are mountains and volcanoes.
  10. It has a dense layer of gas.

Land

  1. It is the third with respect to the distance from the sun.
  2. Its distance from the sun is the most adequate for life to exist on the planet.
  3. It ranks as the fifth largest planet in the solar system.
  4. the land surface is made up of 70.8% water and 29.2% land.
  5. It is considered the largest terrestrial planet in terms of density, mass and size.
  6. It is the only planet in the solar system that has living beings.
  7. It has a varied ecosystem .
  8. It is the only planet in the solar system with liquid water.
  9. The shape of this planet is flattened by the poles.
  10. It has active tectonic plates .
  11. It has a satellite called Luna.
  12. Make two movements of translation and rotation.
  13. It has two extra movements: procession and nutation.
  14. It is the only planet that has oxygen.

Mars

  1. Its size is three times the size of the earth.
  2. One year on Mars equals 687 days.
  3. It has an orbit very close to the planet.
  4. Its composition is based on volcanic basalt and iron oxide.
  5. It has some characteristics similar to planet earth, which is why it is believed that life could exist on it.
  6. It has two small natural satellites.
  7. It is a cold and desert planet .
  8. Its atmosphere is made up of argon, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen.
  9. Its atmosphere is very thin.
  10. On this planet it is believed that there is water under the surface.

Jupiter

  1. It is considered to be the first in the gaseous system.
  2. It is the largest in the solar system.
  3. It has a striped coverage of clouds.
  4. The colored clouds they have are due to big storms.
  5. Its rotation speed is the fastest in the solar system.
  6. The rotation on its axis lasts approximately 10 hours.
  7. It has four main satellites , but it has many more (63 in total).
  8. It has a ring system.
  9. The interior of this planet is made up of helium and hydrogen.
  10. Its atmosphere is very thick.

Saturn

  1. It has a four-ring system , visible from our planet.
  2. It is the second largest in mass and size after Jupiter.
  3. Its poles are visibly flattened.
  4. The period of translation around the sun is approximately 29 years.
  5. It has a synodic period of 378 days.
  6. The rotation period is 10 hours.
  7. It has an extensive layer of metallic and liquid hydrogen.
  8. It has 62 satellites in its orbit.
  9. It is part of those gaseous and outer stars.
  10. It is made up of 3% helium and 96% hydrogen.

Uranus

  1. It is a gas giant.
  2. Its size is 4 times larger than the earth.
  3. The axis of rotation is approximately 90 degrees, referring to its orbit.
  4. Its surface is one of the most uniform, compared to the rest of the planets in the solar system.
  5. Uranus has 27 satellites.
  6. Its spinning process is sideways, compared to the plane of the solar system.
  7. Its atmosphere is made up of hydrogen, metal, and helium.
  8. It has a weak ring system.
  9. Its composition is very similar to that of Neptune.
  10. The interior of this planet is composed mainly of ice and rocks.

Neptune

  1. It is the farthest planet from the sun.
  2. It is considered the fourth largest planet in the solar system.
  3. It is a cold planet.
  4. One year on Neptune is equivalent to 165 years on earth.
  5. It has a blue color, due to the large amount of methane in it.
  6. It has an atmosphere made up of methane, hydrogen, and helium.
  7. It has 6 rings.
  8. It has 13 natural satellites .

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